Guide for installing r45 on Ubuntu 18.04 LTS
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BoHung Chiu f9eb12bd3a
Updated.
4 weeks ago
README.md Update Readme.md 7 months ago
close_site.sh Update sh file. 9 months ago
configure_netplan.py Fix bug. 7 months ago
configure_netplan.sh Fix bug. 7 months ago
default_netplan-config.yaml Upload configure netplan script. 7 months ago
fgu_sync.rake Upload fgu_sync.rake 1 year ago
fix_logrotate.sh Add fix logrotate script. 10 months ago
fix_orbit_files.sh Upload fix orbit files script. 7 months ago
fonts.tgz Upload fonts.tgz 10 months ago
init_web.sh Update init_web.sh 12 months ago
install_certbot.sh Fix bug. 6 months ago
install_nginx.sh Fix bug. 1 month ago
install_orbit_environment.sh Updated. 4 weeks ago
modsecurity_main.conf Update install nginx script. 7 months ago
mongo_service.sh Add service files. 1 year ago
move_site.sh Fix bug. 5 months ago
move_site_interactive.sh Fix bug. 5 months ago
nginx.service Fix bug. 7 months ago
nginx4-5.conf Fix bug. 7 months ago
nginx_service.sh Fix bug. 7 months ago
orbit_logrotate Fix logrotate bug. 10 months ago
orbit_nginx Create install_orbit_environment.sh.(Automatic install all environment for ubuntu) 1 year ago
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README.md

Ubuntu 安裝 R4.5 標準流程

前置作業

  • Ubuntu 18.04 LTS 已安裝完畢並能遠端連線進入
  • 當前帳號可以使用 sudo 指令

修復舊的 logrotate 的bug

$ curl http://gitlab.tp.rulingcom.com/erictyl/install_r45_on_ubuntu_1804lts_doc/-/raw/master/fix_logrotate.sh | sh

建立 rulingcom 帳號(若已是 rulingcom 帳號,前往下一步驟)

$ sudo su # 從當前帳號切換到 root
$ adduser rulingcom
$ # set the password for rulingcom
$ # fill in user information, it's ok to leave all blank
$ usermod -aG sudo rulingcom # 讓 rulingcom 可用 sudo
$ su - rulingcom
$ sudo ls -la /root # 測試 rulingcom sudo 是否可用
$ exit; exit # 第一次 exit 退回 root 帳號,第二次 exit 退回剛登入的帳號

下載裝機script並執行(除了需執行下一步驟的移機外,其他內容不用再執行)

$ wget http://gitlab.tp.rulingcom.com/erictyl/install_r45_on_ubuntu_1804lts_doc/-/raw/master/install_orbit_environment.sh -O install_orbit_environment.sh
$ source install_orbit_environment.sh #請使用要執行網站的user(須為具有sudo權限之帳號)來執行執行後會需要輸入user密碼
## 以下其他內容均不需執行,可直接進行架站或移機

轉移網站資料 - 1 (把資訊不直接放在command line上避免資訊存到log中)

$ wget http://gitlab.tp.rulingcom.com/erictyl/install_r45_on_ubuntu_1804lts_doc/-/raw/master/move_site_interactive.sh
$ bash -i move_site_interactive.sh

轉移網站資料 - 2 (把資訊放在command line)

$ wget http://gitlab.tp.rulingcom.com/erictyl/install_r45_on_ubuntu_1804lts_doc/-/raw/master/move_site.sh
# 請依照您的需求替換以下這行的變數成實際的值
$ bash -i move_site.sh $ip $port $user $remote_pass $domain $your_local_password

安裝libgmp(Ubuntu 14.04需要)

sudo apt install libgmp-dev ##此套件為nokogiri相依套件

安裝 Nginx 1.23.1及更新openssl(至少保持1.1.1以上)

$ wget http://gitlab.tp.rulingcom.com/erictyl/install_r45_on_ubuntu_1804lts_doc/-/raw/master/install_nginx.sh -O install_nginx.sh
$ bash install_nginx.sh
# 若要安裝modsecurity WAF(網路應用程式防火牆),則加入參數 --install-modsecurity
# $ bash install_nginx.sh --install-modsecurity
$ sudo wget http://gitlab.tp.rulingcom.com/erictyl/install_r45_on_ubuntu_1804lts_doc/-/raw/master/orbit_nginx -O /etc/nginx/orbit_sites/xxx_ooo # 建立網站 nginx 設定檔xxx 為學校縮寫ooo 為系所、單位縮寫。內容參考附註 nginx 設定檔

設定host IP(避免VM抓不到domain對應的IP)

# sudo vim /etc/hosts 加入以下內容
59.120.142.210 gitlab.tp.rulingcom.com
59.120.142.206 ruling.digital store.tp.rulingcom.com
151.101.1.227 index.rubygems.org rubygems.org
104.192.141.1 bitbucket.org

安裝 R4.5

一、建立 ssh key pair

$ cd /home/rulingcom/.ssh # 如果沒有該資料夾則自行建立 `mkdir /home/rulingcom/.ssh`,接著進入 .ssh 資料夾
$ ssh-keygen # 設定 key pair name -> 設定密碼(不設定直接 enter) -> 確認密碼(不設定直接 enter)
$ cat ~/.ssh/your_key.pub # 將公鑰轉交給禾綸(注意:不是私鑰)
$ # 確認禾綸將公鑰加入 GitLab 後再接續下列指令與步驟二
$ eval "$(ssh-agent -s)"
$ ssh-add ~/.ssh/your_private_key

二、安裝 R4.5 Web App

$ git clone http://gitlab.tp.rulingcom.com/orbit_chiu1/orbit4-5.git your_site_name
$ cd your_site_name
$ vim config/mongoid.yml # 所有 orbit_4_5 換成 your_site_name, :wq 存檔離開
$ vim Gemfile # 加井字號註解掉 gem 'sassc-rails', '~>1.3.0' 並拿掉此行 #gem 'sass-rails', '~> 4.0.2' 井字號取消註解
$ gem install nokogiri -v 1.7.0.1 #For Ubuntu 20.04LTS
$ bundle install
$ RAILS_ENV=production bundle exec rake assets:precompile
$ bundle exec unicorn_rails -c config/unicorn.rb -D -E production
$ sudo service nginx restart
$ # Login the new create site with rulingcom account and choose “Admin Area” to complete the registration of this new created site.

開啟crontab的log(獨立顯示)

Open the file

sudo vim /etc/rsyslog.d/50-default.conf

Find the line that starts with: #cron.*


uncomment that line, save the file, and restart rsyslog:

sudo service rsyslog restart

You should now see a cron log file here:  /var/log/cron.log

設定備份(以備份一週內容為例)

一、資料庫備份

#### 安裝postfix以避免NO MTA installed.
sudo apt-get install -y postfix
sudo service postfix start
$ sudo crontab -e
# 內容如下:
0 3 * * * mongodump -o /home/backup/db/`date "+\%Y\%m\%d"`_db
0 4 * * * rm -fr /home/backup/db/`date --date="1 week ago" "+\%Y\%m\%d"`_db

二、R4.5 網站目錄備份

# 安裝 rsnapshot如已安裝則直接編輯 /etc/rsnapshot.conf
$ sudo apt-get install rsnapshot -y
$ sudo vim /etc/rsnapshot.conf # 內容建附註 rsnapshot
$ sudo mkdir /home/backup
$ sudo mkdir /home/backup/orbit
$ sudo chmod 777 /home/backup/orbit
$ rsnapshot -t daily # 測試是否設定正確
$ sudo crontab -e # 加入下行內容後,儲存退出

15 4 * * * /usr/bin/rsnapshot daily
# 此為附註 rsnapshot

# 注意!該檔使用 tab 而非 space

# find BACKUP LEVELS /INTERVALS part
# at this part, remove every lines with `retain` and then add the line below:
retain	daily	7

# find SNAPSHOT ROOT DIRECTORY part
# modify the snapshot dir path
snapshot_root	/home/backup/orbit

# find BACKUP POINTS / SCRIPTS part
# add R4.5 site backup
backup	/home/rulingcom		localhost/

三、定期壓縮與刪除 log

$ sudo vim /etc/logrotate.d/orbit # 內容見附註 logrotate
$ sudo logrotate -d /etc/logrotate.conf # 確認系統是否有使用 /etc/logrotate.d/orbit
$ sudo /usr/sbin/logrotate -f /etc/logrotate.conf #測試執行log壓縮程序看是否能成功壓縮log
# 附註 logrotate
/home/rulingcom/*/*/log/*.log {
  daily
  rotate 7
  compress
  missingok
  notifempty
  copytruncate
  postrotate
    [ ! -f /run/nginx.pid ] || kill -USR1 `cat /run/nginx.pid`
  endscript
}

/home/rulingcom/*/*/*/log/*.log {
  daily
  rotate 7
  compress
  missingok
  notifempty
  copytruncate
  postrotate
    [ ! -f /run/nginx.pid ] || kill -USR1 `cat /run/nginx.pid`
  endscript
}


/var/log/mongodb/*.log {
  daily
  rotate 7
  compress
  missingok
  notifempty
  create 644 mongodb mongodb
  postrotate
    [ ! -f /var/lib/mongodb/mongod.lock ] || kill -USR1 `cat /var/lib/mongodb/mongod.lock`
  endscript
}

四、主機開機網站自動起始

# 開機網站自動起始
$ sudo vim /etc/init.d/orbit # 內容見附註 orbit
$ sudo chmod 755 /etc/init.d/orbit
$ update-rc.d orbit defaults
$ sudo systemctl start orbit
$ sudo systemctl enable mongod.service #ubuntu18.04以上適用(可在系統boot時自動開啟mongo)
$ sudo mv /etc/init.d/mongod /etc/systemd/system/ && sudo systemctl enable mongod.service
$ sudo crontab -e #加入以下#內容
# @reboot /bin/bash -l -c "rm -f /tmp/mongodb-27017.sock && chown mongodb:mongodb /var/lib/mongodb/ -R && chown mongodb:mongodb /var/log/mongodb -R && /usr/sbin/service mongod restart && /etc/init.d/orbit restart"
# 附註 orbit
底下#!/bin/bash請務必要加
#!/bin/bash
### BEGIN INIT INFO
# Provides:     ruling.digital
# Required-Start:       $network
# Required-Stop:
# Default-Start:     2 3 4 5
# Default-Stop:      0 1 6
# Short-Description: Start orbit daemon at boot time
# Description:       Start orbit daemon at boot time
### END INIT INFO
ORBIT_USER=rulingcom

if [ -f "/home/$ORBIT_USER/.rvm/scripts/rvm" ]; then
    source /home/$ORBIT_USER/.rvm/scripts/rvm
    rvm use default
else
    if  [ -f "/etc/profile.d/rvm.sh" ]; then
        source /etc/profile.d/rvm.sh
    elif [ "$1" != "setup" ]; then
        echo ""
        echo "-----------------------------------------------------"
        echo "Orbit server dependencies is missing. Please run setup first."
        echo "command:    service orbit setup"
        echo "-----------------------------------------------------"
        echo ""
        exit 0;
    fi
fi

ORBIT_SITES=`pwd`
ORBIT_GIT=http://gitlab.tp.rulingcom.com/saurabh/orbit4-5.git
NGINX_ORBIT_SITES=/etc/nginx/orbit_sites

RAILS_ENV=production

sig () {
    test -s "$ORBIT_ROOT/tmp/pids/unicorn.pid" && kill -$1 `cat $ORBIT_ROOT/tmp/pids/unicorn.pid`
}

get_orbit_root () {
    if [ ! -f $NGINX_ORBIT_SITES/$1 ]; then echo "Site $1 not found" && exit 0; fi
    ORBIT_ROOT=`cat $NGINX_ORBIT_SITES/$1 | grep 'root'   | grep -v '#' | xargs | awk '{print $2}'`;
    ORBIT_ROOT=${ORBIT_ROOT//"/public;"/""};
    if [ ! -d $ORBIT_ROOT ]; then echo "Site folder $ORBIT_ROOT not fount"; fi
}

start_orbit () {
    sig 0 $ORBIT_ROOT && echo >&2 "$ORBIT_ROOT Already running";
    echo "Starting $ORBIT_ROOT";
    sudo su -l $ORBIT_USER -c "cd $ORBIT_ROOT && bundle exec unicorn_rails -D -E $RAILS_ENV -c config/unicorn.rb";
}

case $1 in
start)
    if [ ! -z "$2" ]; then
        get_orbit_root $2
        start_orbit
    else
        for APP in `ls -1 $NGINX_ORBIT_SITES`; do
          get_orbit_root $APP;
          start_orbit;
        done
    fi

    exit 0;
    ;;
stop)
    while [ `whoami` != "root" ]; do
        if [ ! -z "$2" ]; then
            read -p "Stop Orbit $2? (y/n)  " CONFIRM
        else
            read -p "Stop All Orbits? (y/n)  " CONFIRM
        fi
        case "$CONFIRM" in
            y|Y ) break;;
            n|N ) exit 0;;
            * ) echo "(y/n)";;
        esac
    done
    if [ ! -z "$2" ]; then
        get_orbit_root $2
        echo "Stopping $ORBIT_ROOT"
        sig QUIT
    else
        for APP in `ls -1 $NGINX_ORBIT_SITES`; do
          get_orbit_root $APP;
          echo "Stopping $ORBIT_ROOT";
          sig QUIT && continue;
        done
    fi
    exit 0;
    ;;
force-stop)
    while true; do
        if [ ! -z "$2" ]; then
            read -p "Stop Orbit $2? (y/n)  " CONFIRM
        else
            read -p "Stop All Orbits? (y/n)  " CONFIRM
        fi
        case "$CONFIRM" in
            y|Y ) break;;
            n|N ) exit 0;;
            * ) echo "(y/n)";;
        esac
    done
    if [ ! -z "$2" ]; then
        get_orbit_root $2
        echo "Stopping $ORBIT_ROOT"
        sig TERM
    else
        for APP in `ls -1 $NGINX_ORBIT_SITES`; do
          get_orbit_root $APP;
          echo "Stopping $ORBIT_ROOT";
          sig TERM && continue;
        done
    fi
    exit 0;
    ;;
restart|reload)
    if [ ! -z "$2" ]; then
        get_orbit_root $2
        sig USR2 && echo "$ORBIT_ROOT reloaded OK" && exit 0
        echo >&2 "Couldn't reload $ORBIT_ROOT, starting instead"
        start_orbit
    else
        for APP in `ls -1 $NGINX_ORBIT_SITES`; do
          get_orbit_root $APP;
          sig USR2 && echo "$ORBIT_ROOT reloaded OK" && continue;
          echo >&2 "Couldn't reload $ORBIT_ROOT, starting instead";
          start_orbit;
        done
    fi
    exit 0;
    ;;
create)
    if [ "$0" == "/etc/init.d/orbit" ]; then
        echo "Don't use service to create."
        echo "Use:  orbit create $2"
        exit 0
    fi
    test -s "$NGINX_ORBIT_SITES/$2" && echo "Site $2 already exist." && exit 0
    test -s "$ORBIT_SITES/$2" && echo "File $ORBIT_SITES/$2 already exist." && exit 0

    while true; do
      read -p "nginx server name: " SERVER_NAME
      if [ ! -z "$SERVER_NAME" ]; then break; fi
    done

    while true; do
      read -p "port number: " PORT
      if [ ! -z "$PORT" ]; then break; fi
    done

    while true; do
      read -p "database name: " DATABASE
      if [ ! -z "$DATABASE" ]; then break; fi
    done

    echo "-----------------------------------------------------"
    echo "Path: $ORBIT_SITES/$2"
    echo "Database: $DATABASE"
    echo http://$SERVER_NAME:$PORT
    echo "-----------------------------------------------------"

    while true; do
        read -p "Create Orbit $2? (y/n)  " CONFIRM
        case "$CONFIRM" in
            y|Y ) break;;
            n|N ) exit 0;;
            * ) echo "(y/n)";;
        esac
    done

    cd ~
    sudo wget http://installer.tp.rulingcom.com/nginx4-5.conf
    sudo cp nginx4-5.conf $NGINX_ORBIT_SITES/$2
    sudo rm nginx4-5.conf
    sudo perl -pi -e "s/{{ORBIT}}/$2/g" $NGINX_ORBIT_SITES/$2
    sudo perl -pi -e "s#{{ORBIT_SITES}}#${ORBIT_SITES}#g" $NGINX_ORBIT_SITES/$2
    sudo perl -pi -e "s/{{PORT}}/$PORT/g" $NGINX_ORBIT_SITES/$2
    sudo perl -pi -e "s/{{SERVER_NAME}}/$SERVER_NAME/g" $NGINX_ORBIT_SITES/$2
    sudo service nginx reload

    sudo su -l $ORBIT_USER -c "cd $ORBIT_SITES && git clone $ORBIT_GIT $2 && cd $2 && bundle"
    sudo su -l $ORBIT_USER -c "cd $ORBIT_SITES/$2 && perl -pi -e \"s/orbit_4_5/$DATABASE/g\" config/mongoid.yml"
    sudo su -l $ORBIT_USER -c "cd $ORBIT_SITES/$2 && bundle exec rake assets:precompile RAILS_ENV=production"
    sudo su -l $ORBIT_USER -c "cd $ORBIT_SITES/$2 && bundle exec unicorn_rails -D -E $RAILS_ENV -c $ORBIT_SITES/$2/config/unicorn.rb"
    sudo su -l $ORBIT_USER -c "cd $ORBIT_SITES/$2 && bundle exec rake orbit_cron:install"

    echo "-----------------------------------------------------"
    echo "$2 is ready"
    echo "Path: $ORBIT_SITES/$2"
    echo http://`ifconfig eth0 2>/dev/null|awk '/inet addr:/ {print $2}'|sed 's/addr://'`:$PORT
    echo "-----------------------------------------------------"

    exit 0
    ;;
setup)
    sudo apt-key adv --keyserver hkp://keyserver.ubuntu.com:80 --recv 7F0CEB10
    sudo echo 'deb http://downloads-distro.mongodb.org/repo/ubuntu-upstart dist 10gen' | sudo tee /etc/apt/sources.list.d/mongodb.list

    sudo apt-get update
    sudo apt-get -y upgrade
    sudo apt-get install -y nginx git-core mongodb-org imagemagick curl openssh-server nano

    sudo mkdir $NGINX_ORBIT_SITES
    sudo perl -pi -e "s/sites-enabled/orbit_sites/g" /etc/nginx/nginx.conf
    sudo rm -r /etc/nginx/sites-*

    sudo apt-get --no-install-recommends --yes install gawk g++ gcc make libc6-dev libreadline6-dev zlib1g-dev libssl-dev libyaml-dev libsqlite3-dev sqlite3 autoconf libgdbm-dev libncurses5-dev automake libtool bison pkg-config libffi-dev

    sudo su -l $ORBIT_USER -c "\curl -sSL https://get.rvm.io | bash -s stable"
    sudo su -l $ORBIT_USER -c "rvm install 2.1 --default"
    echo "gem: --no-ri --no-rdoc" > /home/$ORBIT_USER/.gemrc
    source /home/$ORBIT_USER/.rvm/scripts/rvm

    echo ""
    echo "-----------------------------------------------------"
    echo "System is ready. You can start creating Orbit servers."
    echo "command:    orbit create Orbit_Folder_Name"
    echo "-----------------------------------------------------"
    echo ""
    exit 0
    ;;
*)
    echo >&2 "Usage $0 <start|stop|restart|force-stop|create|setup>"
    exit 1
    ;;
esac

### 五、網路設定
```sh
# 開機網站自動起始
$ sudo vim /etc/netplan/50-cloud-init.yaml # 內容見附註 50-cloud-init.yaml 18.04開始設定改這
# $ sudo vim /etc/netplan/00-installer-config.yaml  # Ubuntu 20.04LTS
# 
# 50-cloud-init.yaml
# 本範例有兩塊網卡第一塊是DHCP第二塊是固定IP
# 其中因為子網路遮罩為255.255.255.0 ,所以是 /24
# This file is generated from information provided by the datasource.  Changes
# to it will not persist across an instance reboot.  To disable cloud-init's
# network configuration capabilities, write a file
# /etc/cloud/cloud.cfg.d/99-disable-network-config.cfg with the following:
# network: {config: disabled}
network:
    ethernets:
        enp0s29u1u1u5:
            dhcp4: true
        enp6s0:
            addresses:
            - 192.168.1.142/24
            gateway4: 192.168.1.1
            nameservers:
                addresses:
                - 8.8.8.8
                search:
                - rulingcom.com
    version: 2
## 六、如果 /etc/init.d/mongod 遺失(適用於ubuntu14.04以上)
```sh
# 建立 mongod service
$ sudo vim /etc/init.d/mongod  #請查看以下/etc/init.d/mongod之內容
$ sudo chmod +x /etc/init.d/mongod
#此為/etc/init.d/mongod之內容
#!/bin/bash
case $1 in 
start)
	if [ -f "/var/lib/mongodb/mongod.lock" ]; then
		exit 0
	else
		self_pid=$$
		pid=`ps aux | grep mongod | grep -v 'service' | grep -v 'grep' | grep -v '/etc/init.d' | awk '{print $2}'`;
		COUNTER=0
		for i in $pid
		do
			if [ -f "/proc/$i/status" ]; then
				echo "$i"  >> /var/lib/mongodb/mongod.lock;
				COUNTER=$((COUNTER+1))
			fi
		done
		if [ $COUNTER == 0 ]; then
			echo "starting mongo."
			sudo mongod --config /etc/mongod.conf &
			exit 0
		else
			echo "mongo is already running."
		fi
	fi
	;;
stop)
	echo "stoping mongo."
	if [ -f "/var/lib/mongodb/mongod.lock" ]; then
		sudo kill -s TERM `cat /var/lib/mongodb/mongod.lock`
		sudo rm -f /var/lib/mongodb/mongod.lock
	else
		pid=`ps aux | grep mongod | grep -v 'service' | grep -v 'grep' | grep -v '/etc/init.d' | awk '{print $2}'`;
		for i in $pid
		do
			kill -s TERM $i
		done
	fi
	;;
restart|reload)
	echo "stoping mongo."
	if [ -f "/var/lib/mongodb/mongod.lock" ]; then
		sudo kill -s TERM `cat /var/lib/mongodb/mongod.lock`
		sudo rm -f /var/lib/mongodb/mongod.lock
	else
		pid=`ps aux | grep mongod | grep -v 'service' | grep -v 'grep' | grep -v '/etc/init.d' | awk '{print $2}'`;
		for i in $pid
		do
			kill -s TERM $i
		done
	fi
	sudo mongod --config /etc/mongod.conf &
	exit 0
	;;
status)
	if [ -f "/var/lib/mongodb/mongod.lock" ]; then
		pid=`cat /var/lib/mongodb/mongod.lock`
		COUNTER=0
		ERRORPID=0
		for i in $pid
		do
			if [ -f "/proc/$i/status" ]; then
				COUNTER=$((COUNTER+1))
			else
				ERRORPID=1
			fi
		done
		if [ $ERRORPID == 0 ] && [ $COUNTER != 0 ]; then
			echo "mongo is already running"
		else		
			COUNTER=0
			pid=`ps aux | grep mongod | grep -v 'service' | grep -v 'grep' | grep -v '/etc/init.d' | awk '{print $2}'`;
			cat /dev/null  > /var/lib/mongodb/mongod.lock;
			for i in $pid
			do
				if [ -f "/proc/$i/status" ]; then
					echo "$i"  >> /var/lib/mongodb/mongod.lock;
					COUNTER=$((COUNTER+1))
				fi
			done
			if [ $COUNTER == 0 ]; then
				echo "mongo is not running."
			else
				echo "mongo is already running."
			fi
		fi
	else
		COUNTER=0
		pid=`ps aux | grep mongod | grep -v 'service' | grep -v 'grep' | grep -v '/etc/init.d' | awk '{print $2}'`;
		for i in $pid
		do
			if [ -f "/proc/$i/status" ]; then
				echo "$i"  >> /var/lib/mongodb/mongod.lock;
				COUNTER=$((COUNTER+1))
			fi
		done
		if [ $COUNTER == 0 ]; then
			echo "mongo is not running."
		else
			echo "mongo is already running."
		fi
	fi
esac